Costa Rica Canyoning Waterfalls Rappelling Tours
Canyoning (known as canyoneering in the U.S.) is traveling in canyons using a variety of techniques that may include other outdoor activities such as walking, scrambling, climbing, jumping, abseiling (rappelling), and/or swimming.
Although hiking down a canyon that is non-technical (canyon hiking) is often referred to as canyoneering, the terms canyoning and canyoneering are more often associated with technical descents — those that require abseils (rappels) and ropework, technical climbing or down-climbing, technical jumps, and/or technical swims.
Canyoning is frequently done in remote and rugged settings and often requires navigational, route-finding, and other wilderness travel skills.
Canyoning gear includes climbing hardware, static ropes, helmets, wetsuits, and specially designed shoes, packs, and rope bags. While canyoners have used and adapted climbing, hiking, and river running gear for years, more and more specialized gear is invented and manufactured as canyoning popularity increases.
In most parts of the world, canyoning is done in mountain canyons with flowing water. Countries with established canyoning include Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia (known as torrentismo), Costa Rica, Croatia, Ecuador, France, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Mauritius, Mexico, Montenegro, Nepal, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Reunion, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Venezuela, Vietnam, and the United States. Many canyons in South Africa require jumping or scrambling which is called Kloofing. Even in Hong Kong, where there are numerous stream gorges, a similar activity called stream or river trekking is popular. In Japan and Taiwan, it’s called river tracing and typically involves traveling upstream.
In the United States, descending mountain canyons with flowing water is sometimes referred to as canyoning, although the term “canyoneering” is more common. Most canyoneering in the United States occurs in the many slot canyons carved in the sandstone found throughout the Colorado Plateau. Outside of the Colorado Plateau, numerous canyoneering opportunities are found in the San Gabriel, Sierra Nevada, Cascade, and Rocky Mountain ranges. Canyoning in the UK has gained in popularity over recent years. Of all parts of the UK Wales and Scotland are recognized as the best places to try out this activity. In the Welsh language canyoning is called “cerdded ceunant”.
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